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레드헷 계열(RHEL, fedora, CentOS 등등...)에서 yum으로 쉽게 패키지 관리를 할 수 있죠

보통 설치와 업데이트를 yum으로 하는데 거기에 yum으로 관리하는 패키지의 RPM을 다운 받을 수 있답니다

yum으로 RPM을 다운 받기 위해서는 yum-downloadonly이란 패키지를 yum으로 설치 해야 합니다

# yum search yumdownloader

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

 * base: mirror.khlug.org

 * extras: mirror.khlug.org

 * updates: mirror.khlug.org

============================ Matched: yumdownloader ============================

yum-utils.noarch : Utilities based around the yum package manager

# yum install yum-downloadonly

Loaded plugins: fastestmirror

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

 * base: centos.ustc.edu.cn

 * extras: centos.ustc.edu.cn

 * updates: centos.ustc.edu.cn

Setting up Install Process

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package yum-downloadonly.noarch 0:1.1.16-16.el5.centos set to be updated

--> Finished Dependency Resolution


Dependencies Resolved


================================================================================

 Package               Arch        Version                      Repository

                                                                           Size

================================================================================

Installing:

 yum-downloadonly      noarch      1.1.16-16.el5.centos         base       12 k


Transaction Summary

================================================================================

Install      1 Package(s)

Update       0 Package(s)

Remove       0 Package(s)


Total download size: 12 k

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:

yum-downloadonly-1.1.16-16.el5.centos.noarch.rpm         |  12 kB     00:00

warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA signature: NOKEY, key ID e8562897

base/gpgkey                                              | 1.5 kB     00:00

Importing GPG key 0xE8562897 "CentOS-5 Key (CentOS 5 Official Signing Key) <centos-5-key@centos.org>" from /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Running rpm_check_debug

Running Transaction Test

Finished Transaction Test

Transaction Test Succeeded

Running Transaction

  Installing     : yum-downloadonly                                         1/1


Installed:

  yum-downloadonly.noarch 0:1.1.16-16.el5.centos


Complete!


yum-downloadonly 패키지가 설치가 되면 그 때부터 yum으로 RPM을 다운 받을 수 있습니다

# yum install <패키지 이름> --downloadonly --downloaddir=<다운 받을 위치>


예를 들어 OpenIPMI 같은 경우는 아래와 같습니다

# yum install OpenIPMI --downloadonly --downloaddir=/root

Loaded plugins: downloadonly, fastestmirror

Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile

 * base: centos.mirror.cdnetworks.com

 * extras: centos.mirror.cdnetworks.com

 * updates: mirror.khlug.org

Setting up Install Process

Resolving Dependencies

--> Running transaction check

---> Package OpenIPMI.x86_64 0:2.0.16-11.el5_7.2 set to be updated

--> Processing Dependency: OpenIPMI-libs = 2.0.16-11.el5_7.2 for package: OpenIPMI

--> Running transaction check

---> Package OpenIPMI-libs.x86_64 0:2.0.16-11.el5_7.2 set to be updated

--> Finished Dependency Resolution


Dependencies Resolved


================================================================================

 Package             Arch         Version                   Repository     Size

================================================================================

Updating:

 OpenIPMI            x86_64       2.0.16-11.el5_7.2         updates       162 k

Updating for dependencies:

 OpenIPMI-libs       x86_64       2.0.16-11.el5_7.2         updates       571 k


Transaction Summary

================================================================================

Install      0 Package(s)

Update       2 Package(s)

Remove       0 Package(s)


Total download size: 733 k

Is this ok [y/N]: y

Downloading Packages:

(1/2): OpenIPMI-2.0.16-11.el5_7.2.x86_64.rpm             | 162 kB     00:00

(2/2): OpenIPMI-libs-2.0.16-11.el5_7.2.x86_64.rpm        | 571 kB     00:02

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total                                           196 kB/s | 733 kB     00:03



exiting because --downloadonly specified

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